“Fostering Entrepreneurial Mindset in Migrants through Education” (FEMME) will develop the
entrepreneurial mindset and related hard/soft skills in first and second-generation female youth
migrants aged 18-25 potential entrepreneurs.
Direct project target will be first and second-generation youth female migrants aged 18-25 from
partner countries suffering from socioeconomic marginalization, interested and motivated in
becoming entrepreneurs, kick-starting and developing their entrepreneurial ideas.
The project will also directly target youth workers from partners, interested in acquiring instruments
of entrepreneurial support to young female migrants. Indirect project target is the wider audience of
disadvantaged migrant female youths in partner countries and Europe as well as the youth operators
and organizations who work with the foregoing target either specifically or as a subset of the wider
youth population. The project meets the challenge of enhancing the entrepreneurial spirit and education of young people in the EU, in order to increase business creation rates and provide alternative pathways of employability and personal fulfilment to the youth, with a particular focus on female youngsters. According to the latest statistical evidence of the EC (see https://ec.europa.eu/growth/smes/promoting-entrepreneurship/we-work for/women_en), the challenge of female entrepreneurial participation is substantial, with women representing 52% of
the total European population, but only 34.4% of the EU self-employed and 30% of start-uppers.
European societies are also at the center of migration and refugee flows dynamics as well as of the
related challenge of integrating vast masses of refugees, many of whom are women. UNHCR data
quantify in 350,000 individuals the number of third nationals who crossed the Mediterranean Sea in
2016 alone. The aforementioned trend is already at play and will be ever more in the future, in
orienting the evolution of European societies in a multicultural perspective. Nowadays, the overall
population of Europe is composed of non-nationals for up to the 5%.
Far from representing a hindrance to the development of the hosting societies, migrants have
recurrently proven to provide an added value to socioeconomic growth by providing an additional
pool of entrepreneurial motivation and potential. As highlighted by the EU “Entrepreneurship 2020 Action Plan”, if Europe is to make the most of the opportunities provided by an ever-developing and challenging global environment, entrepreneurship is to be made the growth engine of the European economy, which “needs a thorough, far-reaching cultural change”. The Action Plan also points out that migrants represent a valuable component in the foregoing evolution, due to their higher rates of business creation as compared with nationals, yet “Notwithstanding that migrants have higher business creation rates than the rest of the population they fail more due to a lack of information, knowledge and language skills”. Female migrants are motivated to become entrepreneurs but face a set of barriers related to access to training, business support services, language barriers, inadequate management and
They also represent particularly vulnerable targets in that they compound these barriers with gender
disadvantage. The project aims at addressing the challenges identified above by means of providing
young female migrants in possession of entrepreneurial motivation with the attitudes and skills
needed to start-up and grow their own start-ups.